(in million hl, in 2018)
1. Italy 54.8
Next to producing some of the best wines in the world, Italy is also the number one producing country. Not only does the country produce high quality wines, many of its wines are also great in the price-quality ratio. As there are vineyards in almost every region of Italy, the country possesses an incredible variety of wines. Pinot Grigio is a major white wine, very often produced as a sparkling wine, while Prosecco is another famous sparkling wine, often used in cocktails, not to mention sweet and slightly fizzy Moscato. Famous red wines include Amarone, Montepulciano, Chianti and Valpolicella in the north of the country and Nero D’Avola in Sicily. Italy surpassed France in 2015 at the number one spot due to foul weather that reduced the crop size in France.
2. France 48.6
In second position, France, the wine country ‘par excellence’. French wines are famous worldwide, be it Bordeaux, Champagne or Bourgogne. While the more sunny south produces excellent red wine, northern regions also produce white wine, for example in Bourgogne (which also produces tremendous reds). The Alsace region also produces very good wines that resemble Luxembourgish wines, such as Riesling, Pinot Gris or Gewürztraminer, as both regions produce wine on the banks of the Moselle. Other famous wines include Beaujolais, Rosé from Provence and Sauvignon Blanc from the Loire Valley and the Rhône Valley’s red wines.
3. Spain 44.4
The third wine producing country is also in Europe. The two most famous regions are Rioja and Ribera del Duero, both in the centre north of the country. Sparkling wine fans will certainly know Cava, the equivalent of Spanish Champagne. Due to irrigation laws, Spain technically has more vineyards than any other country in the world, as its vineyards are spread out.
4. USA 23.9
90% of the USA’s wine production is from California. Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon are some of the main wines produced.
5. Argentina 14.5
The most important wine region in Argentina is Mendoza, producing nearly 80% of the country’s grapes. The country’s flagship wine is definitely Malbec.
6. Chile 12.9
You will find a lot of different wines from Chile, such as Chardonnay, Carbenet Sauvignon or Syrah. The South American country is known for producing wines of exceptional value.
7. Australia 12.9
In seventh position, we have a at least a country that’s neither in Europe, nor on the American continent. Shiraz, Australia’s word for Syrah, is the most famous Aussie wine. Together, Shiraz and Chardonnay make up 44% of Australia’s wine production, the largest wine producing region being South Australia.
8. Germany 10.3
Germany produces some of the best Riesling in the world, be it on the Moselle river, similarly to Luxembourg, or on the Rhine river. Not to mention, some of the world’s most expensive wines are actually from Germany. Fans of bubbly wines might also want to try Sekt, the “German Champagne”.
9. South Africa 9.5
First and only African country in the top 10, South Africa produces quality wines such as Chenin Blanc and Cabernet Sauvignon.
10. China 9.1
China? Yes China. Like most acitivities in the country, the wine industry is growing at a rapid pace. The King of Chinese wines is Cabernet, produced by two different grape types, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Gernischt.